Information about Mhamid Elghizlane village
information about Mhamid
Definition M'hamid Elghizlane ..
Oasis Mhamid Elghizlane Fone in 1932 with the arrival of French , is located in southe-astern Morocco administrative side follows the province of Zagora in the extreme south -eastern region of Sous Massa Daraa .
The border are the North is Jbel Bani , the frntiére Algeriene south , east is the oasis Tagounite and south is the province of Tata.la surface oasis hamid 2700km ² and the middle is the long river of Morocco is the wadi of draa.sa source is in the mountains of the High Atlas and empty into the Atlantic ocean . has a longure 1200km .
M'hamid according to historian Jacques Meunier " Targalate " is the former name of the oasis M'hamid Elghizlane . In his book " Morocco Saharan origins to 1670 ," he speaks of hamid Elghizlane as important city of targalate .
The tribus is an ethnic and linguistic crossroads , we encounter of diverse ethnic origins .
Amazigh : descendants of the ancient region of Sanhaja , their existence is rooted in the region for several centuries .
Arabic : from Arab tribes Bani Maaquil , coming from Tunisia in 1225 and we distinguish two major tribes namely the tribe Arib and the Beni Mhamed .
Draoua : whose name comes from one of the largest valley in the region and in morocco, the Draa Valley , are the oldest inhabitants of the region.
The chorfa and Mourabitines : The chorfas are related to the family of the prophet Mohamed.quant Mourabitines they are the descendants of saints ( moravidique families).
M'hamid account Elghizlane 7400 left 14 Ksars with a majority of jeunes.la population density population does not exceed 1.75h/km ².
Geography and Climate M'hamid Elghizlane
1- Reliefs : The geological structure M'hamid Elghizlane is taken by a confusion of the African base in the south and the series of the Atlas Mountains nord.Elle contains mountains , plateaus , which progresses southward c . is why we fired three défferentes topographic units .
First unit . Along Lake Jbel Bani to Hammada Draa which occupies 60% of the surface of the régionde hamid It pliene sand with a height of 300m dunes Chegaga , Ezzahar .
2nd unit : A group of plates that are called Hammada Draa which has a large area of the oasis south of Algeria .
3rd Unit: These are mountainous units Such reliefs used to develop the region in the field of tourism . .
2 - Weather: The climate is prevailing hamid Saharan type, characterized by aridity .
Hot : is very strong in the region for a few months it goes up to 45 ° in summer in spring against the temperature falls to 4.
The rainy rainy time are very rare it is between 50and 60 mm an.et they are not organized. .
Winds : The region is known for its variable winds bring dry sands called Cherqui happens during the summer it serves to mobilize the sand dunes to other regions but variable winds speeds . . used to provide showers cloudy .